In this context, Pandharpur is affectionately called “Bhu- Vaikuntha ” the place of residence of Vishnu on earth by devotees. Please enter your password Forgotten your password? Then Krishna visited Pundalik and found him serving his parents. Rao, Mysore Venkata Krishna This temple claims a history of over years and is well associated with the GSB community in and around the Kayamkulam region. These aratis sing of Vithoba, who wears yellow garments a characteristic of Vishnu and is served by Garuda mount of Vishnu and Hanuman the monkey god, devotee of Rama —an avatar of Vishnu. There are several theories about the origins and meanings of these names.

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According to the first, the ascetic Pundarika Pundalik is described as a devotee of god Vishnu and dedicated to the service of his parents. In particular, several alternative theories have been proposed regarding the earliest stages, as well as the point at which he came to be recognised as vitthal-ramhumai distinct deity.

Rise of a Folk God: The central image vittual-rakhumai Vitthal Temple, Pandharpur. Then Krishna visited Pundalik and found him serving his parents. Vithoba’s arms-akimbo iconography is similar to Bir Kuarthe cattle-god of the Ahirs of Biharwho is now also associated with Krishna. Vithoba was introduced to South India during the Vijayanagara and Maratha rule.


The poetics of devotion. Archived from the original on March 16, Pandharpur festival Man with white hair and beard smoking pipe, side profile. Religion and Gods of Maharashtra”.

Vithoba – Wikipedia

Vitthala enjoyed royal patronage in this era. Ganeshathe elephant-headed god of wisdom and beginnings; Khandobaa form of Shiva; and Annapurnaa form of Shiva’s consort Parvati. Pundalik threw a brick outside for Krishna to rest on. The second version of the legend depicts Vithoba appearing before Pundalik as the five-year-old Bala Krishna infant Krishna.

According to research scholar M. Pandharpur festival Boys with painted faces, Palki festival, PuneMaharashtra, India Man in white cap wearing a white shirt smoking, side profile. Some images depict Vithoba’s right hand making a gesture that has been traditionally misunderstood as a blessing; no gesture of blessing is present in the Pandharpur image. This last theory is based on a reference to Vithoba as “Kannada” belonging to Karnataka in the work of the first of the poet-saints, Dnyaneshwar.

The Blackwell Companion to Hinduism. While Vishnu and Shiva were bound in rigid ritualistic worship and Brahmin priestly control, Vithoba, “the God of the subaltern, became increasingly human.

Mate of the Deccan CollegePundalik—who is assumed to be a historical figure—was instrumental in persuading the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana alias Bittidev to build the Pandharpur temple dedicated to Vishnu.

Later, on meeting sage Kukkuta, Pundalik underwent a transformation and devoted his life to the service of his aged parents. Vitthal is also worshipped as Vitthalnath at the Nathdwara in Rajasthan. The Pandharpur image also bears, on the left breast, the mark known as the srivatsalanchhana —said to be a curl of white hair, usually found on the breast of Vishnu and Krishna images.


According to Vitthal-rakhhmai, Rukmini—a princess of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra—was elevated to the status of the main consort instead of Radhabecause of her affiliation with the region. The ritual worship by the priests is restricted to five days vigthal-rakhumai around the Ashadha June—July and Vitthal-rakhumsi October—November Ekadashiswhen a large number of Varkaris participate in the yatras.

Ek Mahasamanvaya in Marathi. This name is generally used in the Pushtimarg sect. The Varkari poet-saints vitthal-rakhummai known for their unique genre of devotional lyric, the abhangdedicated to Vithoba and composed in Marathi. The physical characteristics of the central murti image of Vithoba at Pandharpur, and various textual references to it, have inspired theories relating to Vithoba worship.


Primarily, there are three Hindu deities associated with Vithoba: Retrieved 12 July Similarly temple festivals celebrated in Vitthala temples in Margao[91] Vitthal-rakhumaai attract a lot a pilgrims. In addition to the above, there are many abhangasthe short Marathi devotional poems of the Varkaris, and many stutis songs of praise and stotras hymnssome of them originating from the Haridasa tradition.

In this context, Pandharpur is affectionately called “Bhu- Vaikuntha ” the place of residence of Vishnu on earth by devotees. Panduranga-Mahatmya by a Brahmin called Sridhara; another work of the same name written by Prahlada Maharaj; and also in the abhanga s of various poet-saints.

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